Is UX fragile?

The challenges that threaten us, and the opportunities therein

Lawton Pybus
5 min readAug 7, 2023
A stylized representation of a hand tapping a volatile user interface on a screen, causing a dramatic explosion
(Credit: author via DALL-E under CC0 1.0 License)

Is the field of user experience struggling, or is it thriving?

With heated debates about the direction of our discipline and a flood of newcomers entering the profession, it’s easy to feel uncertain about UX’s future. However, by taking a closer look at the history, current state, and potential of the field, we can gain a more nuanced and optimistic perspective.

It’s worth taking a step back to get some perspective on how far our field has come, its challenges and successes, and how we’re continuing to develop.

Real challenges facing us

People who argue that our field is under attack — perhaps even on the verge of extinction — aren’t being dishonest; they’re hypothesizing from the data before them.

It is true that we have, in some sense, been the victims of our own success. Over the years, as UX has proven valuable to various industries, demand for our work has ebbed and flowed, sometimes soaring far beyond what we can adequately provide. This can lead to a glut of open positions, with no one but underqualified juniors to fill them.

A career in UX can be life-changing for many, offering a lucrative salary and work-life balance that’s hard to find in other fields with similar qualifications. Even when demand is low, there’s almost always a steady stream of people eager to transition in. When the economy inevitably dips, or our industry seems disproportionately affected by layoffs, some worry if they’ve changed their career trajectory for a passing trend.

The fast-paced growth of the field can also be overwhelming for new professionals, who may feel discouraged by the messy reality of how UX is practiced in the business world. The truth is many organizations are still low on the UX maturity scale, so our processes aren’t fully integrated into their way of doing business. This can lead to an “us versus them” mindset, where UX’s successes are seen as zero-sum against haters who want us out of the picture.

Some may view UX as a relatively new field without established methodologies or principles. Added to the confusion are frequent debates on social media over terminology, methods, key phrases, and the very name of our field. Hardline, unnuanced stances on the validity of various approaches — such as quantitative versus qualitative research, the use of specific scales, or approaches to deliverables — take center stage.

While these challenges are real, we can look at them from another perspective.

Tracing our roots to today

The field of UX has a rich history, dating back to the design of cockpits for military airplanes during World War II.

A black and white photograph of the interior of an airplane cockpit
Cockpits are complex interfaces (Credit: Acroterion)

The term “user experience” was first coined by Don Norman in 1993, but it has also been referred to as user-centered design, experience design, user research, and usability engineering, among others. The discipline is rooted in academic fields like human factors, engineering psychology, and human-computer interaction.

Today, UX professionals are represented in many industries and countries globally. With the accelerated transition to digital caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, almost any company can now benefit from user experience practices. The ways that user experience fits into and contributes to an organization can look very different, but the underlying philosophy and approach are the same.

Despite controversial viewpoints that might dominate social media, there are many reputable sources that defend the value of UX. Professional organizations such as local meetups, UXPA chapters, and UX Research & Strategy offer mentorship, conferences, networking, job opportunities, education, and training. Publications like the Journal of User Experience, Smashing Magazine, UX Magazine, UX Booth, User Weekly, and UX Collective are edited by seasoned professionals and regularly promote valuable content.

UX is anything but a small, young field. Rather, it’s a mature one with a rich history and a wealth of resources. Social media might give a distorted perspective, but by returning to our roots and sources, we can continue to develop and grow our profession.

The field continues to evolve

Even among the challenges our field faces, unique opportunities lie ahead.

A normal distribution with the bottom half shaded
(Credit: Liukairen)

By definition, half of everything is below average — including UX professionals and the companies we work for.

Many of us in the bottom half of the bell curve won’t remain there forever. Hopefully, our personal lowest point was on our first days in UX roles. As we continue to mature in our craft, we move towards the other end of the spectrum. Some of those in the below-average cohort may be bad actors. But with proper leadership and accountability, they’ll be removed from the pool of UX professionals as if by natural selection.

Organizations will also vary in their UX maturity. Some may be unaware or barely aware of our profession, while others have a deeper integration with our work. Indeed, research by NNgroup suggests that the average organization is quite low on the absolute scale of maturity. This need not discourage us as practitioners: it’s an opportunity in disguise. As these companies become more mature, we’ll see even more demand for our work.

And even though some cynical seniors bemoan a flood of “unqualified juniors” entering our ranks, rarely does a hiring manager give an offer to an applicant with zero relevant experiences or promising qualities. When demand is so great that we seek candidates from tangential disciplines, we benefit from a diversity of perspectives that further enriches the discipline.

In the same way that sand inside an oyster becomes a pearl, these challenges may prove to be our strength.

Zoom out, then zoom in

Is UX a young, beleaguered field on the verge of extinction — or a strong, mature field with a pathway for development and future opportunities? Without downplaying the challenges we face, it can be helpful to take a broader perspective:

  • UX isn’t a buzzword. Folks have worked in this specific space for over forty years, with academic underpinnings stretching farther back.
  • Reputable voices aren’t that hard to find. Scratch the surface, and you’ll see industry veterans who compile, publish, or write from a perspective rooted in this history and their experiences.
  • There’s opportunity even in hardships. Individual contributors grow and mature over the years — as do the organizations we serve. That means more senior professionals and more demand in years to come.

Obsessing over the thoughts, opinions, and actions of others can be counterproductive and unhealthy. Above all, we owe it to ourselves and our own mental health to focus on what’s in our control.

This means continuing to learn, develop professionally, and provide even greater value to the organizations we serve. We can also contribute to the positive development of our field by mentoring and educating others.

Far from being a fragile discipline, UX practitioners should take pride in the robustness of their profession and look forward to even better years ahead.

A version of this article first appeared in The ¼″ Hole, a newsletter about UX Research.

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Lawton Pybus

UX Research Consultant · Human Factors PhD · Top writer in Design · I share monthly UXR insights at https://www.quarterinchhole.com